Calcium | Benefits, Sources, Deficiency, and Risks
Nutrition

Calcium | Benefits, Sources, Deficiency, and Risks

Calcium is a vital mineral that is involved in many biochemical processes throughout the body. It is an abundant and essential element for proper cardiac function, the structural integrity of bone, muscular contractions, nerve transmission, hormonal secretion and acts as an enzymatic signal in biochemical pathways. Calcium is mostly associated with the formation and metabolism…

The Benefits of a Low Sodium Diet
Nutrition

The Benefits of a Low Sodium Diet

Sodium is an essential mineral of the human body and the major cation of the extracellular fluid. It regulates fluid balance, blood pressure, and cellular homeostasis by regulating plasma volume and cellular transport. Sodium serves many physiological functions and is necessary for health. Humans can obtain sufficient sodium from the low amounts present in many…

Iodine Deficiency | Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis
Nutrition

Iodine Deficiency | Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Iodine is a vital micronutrient required at all stages of life, with fetal life and early childhood being the most critical phases of requirement. Iodine is an essential component of the hormones produced by the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland uses iodine from food to make the two thyroid hormones, namely, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). It also stores…

Low Vitamin D Levels | Causes and Symptoms
Nutrition

Low Vitamin D Levels | Causes and Symptoms

Vitamin D, also known as calciferol, is a fat-soluble vitamin/prohormone that plays a pivotal role in calcium and phosphorus homeostasis, and bone metabolism. It also has a pivotal role in the proper functioning of various organ systems- musculoskeletal, immune, nervous, and cardiovascular. A unique property of vitamin D as a nutrient is that apart from…

Kefir | Benefits, Uses, and How to Make
Nutrition

Kefir | Benefits, Uses, and How to Make

Fermented milk products have long been associated with the ability to provide health benefits to those who consume them on a regular basis, and have been analyzed both clinically and in the laboratory for at least a century, primarily by Ellie Metchnikoff’s original research [15]. Russian scientist and immunologist Ellie Metchnikoff, who worked at the…

Pancreas Function | The Role of Pancreatic Enzymes
Nutrition

Pancreas Function | The Role of Pancreatic Enzymes

The digestive system or alimentary canal is a long muscular tube in which food passes through our body that starts with the mouth and ends at the anus. Along the way, a set of organs, glands, and their complex physiological functions are able to process and transform large, insoluble food molecules into small, water-soluble molecules…

Why Humans Should not Drink Cow’s Milk
Nutrition

Why Humans Should not Drink Cow’s Milk

The first adverse, allergic reactions to cow’s milk originate over 2000 years ago. It was before 370 B.C. when Hippocrates, the father of Western medicine first talked about skin and gastrointestinal symptoms appearing after the consumption of bovine milk. Another Greek medical researcher and one of the most influential and brilliant physicians in human history,…