Ulcerative Colitis | Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Autoimmunity

Ulcerative Colitis | Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Ulcerative colitis is an idiopathic inflammatory condition of the large intestine (colon), which results in diffuse friability and superficial erosions on the colonic wall associated with bleeding. It is the most prevalent form of inflammatory bowel disease worldwide. It characteristically involves inflammation confined to the mucosa and submucosa of the colon. Typically, the disease starts…

Fibromyalgia | Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Chronic Disease

Fibromyalgia | Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Fibromyalgia is a condition characterized by chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain. Fatigue, cognitive disturbances, insomnia, psychiatric, and multiple physical symptoms often accompany the disorder. Fibromyalgia has unclear etiology and uncertain pathophysiology [1, 2]. There is no indication of tissue inflammation, despite symptoms of soft tissue pain (muscles, tendons, ligaments, fascia, nerves, fibrous tissues, fat, blood vessels, and…

Celiac Disease | Test, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
Autoimmunity

Celiac Disease | Test, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Celiac disease is an autoimmune enteropathy that occurs in genetically predisposed individuals after exposure of the intestinal mucosa to gluten in combination with the influence of environmental factors. It is an immune-mediated disorder caused by genetic, environmental, and immunological factors. It has a prevalence of ∼1% in most countries worldwide. Like many autoimmune diseases, celiac…

Kefir | Benefits, Uses, and How to Make
Nutrition

Kefir | Benefits, Uses, and How to Make

Fermented milk products have long been associated with the ability to provide health benefits to those who consume them on a regular basis, and have been analyzed both clinically and in the laboratory for at least a century, primarily by Ellie Metchnikoff’s original research [15]. Russian scientist and immunologist Ellie Metchnikoff, who worked at the…

The Chronic Stress and Inflammation Connection
Lifestyle

The Chronic Stress and Inflammation Connection

It is a well-known fact that chronic stress is linked to most, if not all, chronic diseases. Actually, over 80% of autoimmune conditions are said to manifest after a stressful or dramatic event, such as the loss of a loved one, a divorce, a severe injury, economic bankruptcy, etc [12]. Stress – no matter its…

Pancreas Function | The Role of Pancreatic Enzymes
Nutrition

Pancreas Function | The Role of Pancreatic Enzymes

The digestive system or alimentary canal is a long muscular tube in which food passes through our body that starts with the mouth and ends at the anus. Along the way, a set of organs, glands, and their complex physiological functions are able to process and transform large, insoluble food molecules into small, water-soluble molecules…

Why Humans Should not Drink Cow’s Milk
Nutrition

Why Humans Should not Drink Cow’s Milk

The first adverse, allergic reactions to cow’s milk originate over 2000 years ago. It was before 370 B.C. when Hippocrates, the father of Western medicine first talked about skin and gastrointestinal symptoms appearing after the consumption of bovine milk. Another Greek medical researcher and one of the most influential and brilliant physicians in human history,…